One of the most important minerals required by our body to be healthy is potassium. The main function of potassium is to help keep our blood pressure under control and help to transfer consumed nutrients at an intercellular level throughout our body.
Potassium is useful for many things such as maintaining smooth muscular and cellular functions within our body, for contracting and building muscles, for our nervous system and converting glucose into glycogen for energy. Also it helps to regulate the secretion of aldosterone, which is a hormone found in the human body.
Potassium deficiency can cause a serious medical condition called hyperkalemia in the human body. To learn more about the side effects caused from a potassium deficiency keep on reading below.
Reasons for a potassium deficiency
One of the main reasons for a potassium deficiency is bad dietary and nutritional habits. The lack of potassium is due to consuming very small quantities of this mineral in our daily diet, which can wreak havoc on our bodies and cause long-term side effects.
Another reason for this is because the body secretes too much potassium for the bowel movements. In the case that a certain individual is receiving some type of treatment and is taking strong medicines for such, which can have the negative side effect of lowering the potassium levels drastically in the body.
Side effects caused by a potassium deficiency
The side effects or symptoms from potassium deficiency in our body are listed below:
– Muscle weakness
– Abnormal confusion and anxiety
– Acne and other types of skin blistering such as dry skin and skin rashes
– Temporary memory loss and difficulties recalling short-term or long-term memories
– Heart damage
– Inadequate digestion that leads to high blood pressure, poor sleep patterns, breakdown of the nervous system and constipation.
– Ringing or vibrating noises in the ear, in rare cases.
Treatments for potassium deficiency
The side effects caused by a potassium deficiency can be easily treated to cure hyperkalemia. Your doctor or healthcare provider can give you the needed medications to replenish the lack of potassium in your body to help stop any of the undesirable symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation or acne.
Also when an individual follows a wholesome balanced diet with the purpose of consuming sufficient potassium, it will help to stabilize the potassium levels found in the body. Here are the main food items that are high in potassium: oranges, bananas, potatoes, eggplants, raisins and other types of dried fruit, beef, grapes, eggs, yogurt, spinach, dates, etc. These items should be included into your daily diet moderately to aid in stabilizing your potassium levels.